Pet castration is still a controversial topic, despite its obvious advantages. In our article we will talk about what this operation is, whether you need to unsex the puppy and at what age, as well as about the preparation for the operation and post-operative care.
What is castration?
Sterilization is a surgery to remove the genital glands: testicles in males and ovaries in females. If sterilization of bitches is a complex abdominal operation, then sterilization of males (popularly called castration) is, on the contrary, a fairly simple procedure that takes only a few minutes. During the operation, the dog under anesthesia, make a small incision and quickly remove the testicles. At the same time, only one small internal suture is applied, which, over time, is naturally absorbed in the tissues of the body. Within a few days after surgery, edema may be observed at the site of the wound, but in general, the dog fully recovers within a few hours. Antibiotics are prescribed for the postoperative period.
When on-site wounds of discharge, including bloody ones, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Castration puppy: the pros and cons
Surgical intervention in the body is always accompanied by a certain risk. Perhaps this is the only serious minus of castration, and thanks to modern equipment and the professionalism of doctors, it is kept to a minimum.
Also among the minuses you can refer to the excess weight, to which neutered animals are more prone. However, in this matter, everything depends on the feeding and mobility of the pet, because there are enough heavyweight dogs among those who have retained their sexual function.
And the most important argument against castration: the dog must feel like a father, it is impossible to deprive him of the fullness of life! What can be said about this?
Dogs are our best friends, full members of our family, and, of course, we tend to endow them with human feelings and even moral and ethical principles. But this is wrong, because dogs have a completely different psychology, completely different laws. So, the search for a pair for a dog is pure instinct, devoid of any moral basis. And if you do not plan to engage in breeding, then ridding the pet of the breeding instinct is not only cruel, but, on the contrary, humane. Believe me, your dog will not feel any sadness about this and, of course, his life will not become inferior because of this. Quite the contrary! – And that’s why.
A castrated dog will not react to a female in heat and run after her, risking getting lost or getting hit by a car. Neutered males do not fight for females and do not get injured in these fights. Neutered males do not mark the territory and, in general, are much more docile than their uncastrated brethren. In addition, castrated males have a reduced risk of developing cancer and diseases of the urogenital system.
By the way, if the owner of the dog is confused by the aesthetic side of the question (because empty skin sacs in place of previously existing testicles look at least unusual – this is especially noticeable on large dogs), then today plastic correction is common. Immediately after the operation, silicone implants are inserted in place of the testicles, so that the appearance of the male dog remains the same.
As you can see, it’s hard to argue with the pluses of castration. This measure not only allows you to eliminate such unpleasant habits as tagging territory, but also makes the life of the dog more secure. In addition, castrated animals live longer: by as much as 20-30%, and this is confirmed information! And who was talking about inferiority?
Castration puppy: the pros and cons
When to castrate a puppy?
At what age can puppies be neutered? The answer to this question depends on the breed, i.e. on pet size. The optimal age for castration of a small or medium dog is not earlier than 1 year, a large one is 1.5-2 years, since large puppies mature longer. Approximately at this age, puberty begins in dogs, and castration is best performed during this period. First, the puppy will not have time to learn the “wrong” behavior dictated by the breeding instinct. Secondly, the young body is quickly restored, and it will be easier for the puppy to transfer the operation.
Of course, this does not mean that it is impossible to castrate an adult dog. For an adult healthy dog, castration is safe, but there is a risk that after the operation the dog will also continue to mark the territory or run away from the owner (already by old memory, and not driven by instinct) or will recover for a long time after the operation.
But premature castration (before puberty) can really be dangerous, because the puppy has not yet fully grown and is not fully formed. His body spends too much energy on the rapid growth of development and may not cope with the operation. Therefore, to carry out the castration of puppies up to a year is not recommended.
But age is not the key indicator for the operation. Many specialist